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The K53

The K53 defensive driving system is now an essential requirement of the practical driving test. It means being fully alert and attentive all the time while driving, in order to maintain a clear space around your vehicle and avoid a collision with other road users. It also means that you must give other road users advance warning of your intentions so that they too can use the road in safety. 

Purpose and conditions


The driving test measures a driver’s proficiency regarding: the handling of a vehicle; obedience to traffic rules, road signs, traffic signals and surface markings; correct application of the K53 defensive driving system through all aspects of the test; and coping with traffic problems in practical driving situations.

What the tests covers

The tests consist of the following:

  • A pre-trip inspection of the vehicle's roadworthiness.
  • A yard test of your basic maneuvering skills,
  • Turning around in the road: 'three-point turn' (light vehicles only);
  • Alley docking:
  • Parallel parking (light vehicles only);
  • Stopping and moving off on an incline;
  • A road test conducted on public roads carrying traffic, including the following situations where available:
  • Obeying traffic signals;
  • Turning left and right at intersections;
  • Proceeding through an intersection;
  • Obeying Yield signs and traffic lightsA traffic circle
  • An emergency stop.